Archaeology And Genesis: Lesson Three Noah And The Global Flood (Part Two)

By: Mark Tabata (Evangelist)

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(Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture references are from the New King James Version of the Bible)

Introduction

In our last lesson, we noticed several important Biblical and archaeological factors about the famous Prophet Noah. He was a servant of God who lived in a very sinful world.

Because of their continued sinfulness and refusal to repent, The Lord decided to bring judgment upon the entire world through a massive global Flood.

God commissioned Noah to build a huge Ark for the saving of himself, his family, and all of the different ‘kinds’ of animals in the world. After the terrible Deluge, the Ark landed at Mount Ararat (where it has been observed by countless witnesses through the subsequent ages).

In this lesson, we will notice some more very important lessons from the Bible and Archaeology about Noah and the Great Flood.

The Aftermath Of The Flood

The world that Noah knew was drastically changed by the Great Flood. For example, when the Bible describes the original Creation, we are told:

Genesis 1:31-Then God saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was very good. So the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

The world was basically a global Paradise. Part of the reason for this Paradise was the fact that there was a huge canopy of water surrounding the planet at one time.

We read in Genesis:

Genesis 1:6-7-6    Then God said, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” 7    Thus God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so.

Here we read about the “firmament” above which God placed waters.

There was at one time a massive water canopy around the Earth.

Among other things, this canopy would help to explain the tropical nature of the pre-Flood Earth.

“The word translated firmament is the Hebrew word raqij`a, which refers to an expansion or the heavens. So Moses described waters above and below this firmament. Today we are familiar with waters below the firmament. However, what were these “waters above the firmament”? Many creationists believe that there was once a water vapor or ice crystal canopy around the earth—and when God opened the “windows of heaven,” it was the ultimate collapse of this canopy. This presence of the canopy would explain how earlier in the earth’s history much of the land was tropical in nature.” (Brad Harrub, Convicted: A Scientist Examines The Evidence For Ch4265-4272 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood Tn; Focus Press)

It would also help us to understand the long life-spans of the pre-Flood Patriarchs (the generations of people who lived before the Flood). For example, we read:

Genesis 5:4-10-4    After he begot Seth, the days of Adam were eight hundred years; and he had sons and daughters. 5    So all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years; and he died. 6    Seth lived one hundred and five years, and begot Enosh. 7    After he begot Enosh, Seth lived eight hundred and seven years, and had sons and daughters. 8    So all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years; and he died. 9    Enosh lived ninety years, and begot Cainan. 10    After he begot Cainan, Enosh lived eight hundred and fifteen years, and had sons and daughters.

The long life spans of the Patriarchs are often ridiculed by skeptics of the Bible.

However, the historical narratives of other nations confirm that the ancients did indeed live very long life spans.

“Along with American composer George Gershwin, many people find it difficult to believe that Methuselah lived to be 969 years old. Nevertheless, the Bible teaches quite plainly that the early patriarchs often lived to be nearly 1,000 years old and even had children when they were several hundred years old! Similar claims of long life spans are found in the secular literature of several ancient cultures (including the Babylonians, Greeks, Romans, Indians, and Chinese). But even a life span of nearly 1,000 years is sadly abbreviated when we consider that God initially created us to live forever.” (Dr. David Menton & Dr. Georgia Purdon, ‘Did People Like Adam And Noah Really Live Over 900 Years Of Age?’ in Ken Ham, The New Answers Book 2; Over Thirty Questions On Creation/Evolution & The Bible, 2812-2819 (Kindle Edition); Green Forest, AR; Master Books

Of particular interest is the Sumerian King List, which mentions both the Flood and the long-life spans of the Patriarchs.

Thus far, fifteen copies of the Sumerian King List have survived to our day and age. They date back to around 1800 B.C.

“The Sumerian King List is of interest to students of the Bible for at least two reasons: its mention of a major flood and the incredibly long reigns attributed to the kings. The brief mention of the flood in the Sumerian King List is reminiscent of the biblical flood story involving Noah (Genesis 6). Admittedly, the Sumerian King List gives no details of the flood, but the Sumerian flood, like the biblical flood, was viewed as an event of tremendous proportions, covering the land. The flood serves as a dividing line: the institution of kingship had to be reinstated after the flood, and kings are listed as being prior to the flood or after the flood…At most, one can say that the idea of a massive, ancient flood was widespread spread in antiquity…The other connection between the Sumerian King List and the Bible is the listing of the reigns of the kings, comparable to the genealogies in Genesis 5 and n. In both the Sumerian and biblical lists, approximately ten generations are listed prior to the flood. In both, the reigns or life spans are exceptionally long…In both traditions the time spans decline and generally are longer before the flood than after.” (Clyde E. Fant & Mitchell D. Reddish, Lost Treasures Of The Bible: Understanding The Bible Through Archaeological Artifacts In World Museums, 490-502 (Kindle Edition); Grand Rapids, Michigan; William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company)

Indeed, one of the most fascinating facts about the consideration of ancient civilizations is the number of Flood Legends evident throughout the world.

“The story of the Flood permeates nearly every culture of the world in some way, shape, or form. While some of the details vary between the different cultural versions, the same basic plotline occurs in all of them: a god becomes angry and destroys the earth with a flood but preserves the human race by selecting a certain number of people to survive the catastrophe. These people are saved from the flood by a vessel, which carries them throughout the duration of the event. In the stories, it is this same group of people that is then responsible for repopulating the earth.” (Charles Martin, Flood Legends: Global Clues Of A Common Event, 82-89 (Kindle Edition); Green Forest, AR; Master Books)

Many cultures contain stories of the Great Flood, and it is evident that they share many elements of the Flood as recorded in Genesis.

One of my favorite authors, Bill Cooper, investigates the incredible Flood legends around the world. In the conclusion to his book, he writes:

“Well, we have reached the end of our enquiry. We have noted dozens of Flood traditions that are preserved by nations around the world, making sure that we have noted only those which date to times before any Christian influence could have placed them there. We have listened to witnesses that have often been hostile, or indeed ignorant of the issues involved. Some of the evidence heard, dates from the end of the third millenium BC; some of it to the 20th century CE, a span of 4000 years or more. It has come to us in languages as diverse as the many cultures of the world. But however old the testimony, and no matter where in the world it has come from, it has always proved remarkably consistent and faithful to the known facts as contained in the Book of Genesis. No other subject on earth has ever produced the like…To evaluate the quality of the evidence that we have heard, we would do well to consider the work of Dr John Morris in this field. Dr Morris had collected (by 2001) more than 200 Flood traditions from around the world, and dismantling them down to their component parts, he found that 88% of the traditions feature a ‘favored’ family; 66% tell of the warning that that family received of the coming Flood; 66% tell how the coming Flood was due to man’s wickedness; 95% mention that the Flood alone was responsible for the world’s destruction; 95% likewise testify to the universality (global extent) of the Flood; 70% testify to a boat being the means of survival; 67% state that animals were also saved; 73% testify to the participation of animals (birds being sent out, and so on); 57% state that the survivors landed on a mountain; 82% name local places and peoples; 35% testify to the use of birds; 7% hark back to the rainbow; 13% state that the survivors offered a sacrifice; and 9% specifically state that eight persons were saved. It was a brilliant piece of research, and we may assume that the traditions we have looked at would yield a similar indication of evidential quality.” (Bill Cooper, The Authenticity Of The Book Of Genesis: A Study In Three Parts, 5488-5522 (Kindle Edition))

The testimony of the Hmong of China is especially worthy of note. Tracing their lineage back to the time of Noah and affirming that they are the descendants of Japheth, the Hmong provide a remarkable testimony to several aspects of the Bible.

The following account describes a song that the ancient Miatsou would recite at funerals and weddings. It was translated by Edgar Truax. His article ‘Genesis According To The Miao People” may be viewed at: http://www.icr.org/article/341/.

“On the day God created the heavens and earth.
On that day He opened the gateway of light.
In the earth then He made heaps of earth and of stone.
In the sky He made bodies, the sun and the moon.
In the earth He created the hawk and the kite.
In the water created the lobster and fish.
In the wilderness made He the tiger and bear,
Made verdure to cover the mountains,
Made forest extend with the ranges,
Made the light green cane,
Made the rank bamboo…

So it poured forty days in sheets and in torrents.
Then fifty-five days of misting and drizzle.
The waters surmounted the mountains and ranges.
The deluge ascending leapt valley and hollow.
An earth with no earth upon which to take refuge!
A world with no foothold where one might subsist!
The people were baffled, impotent and ruined,
Despairing, horror stricken, diminished and finished.
But the Patriarch Nuah was righteous….
Built a boat very wide.
Made a ship very vast.
Their household entire got aboard and were floated,
The family complete rode the deluge in safety.
The animals with him were female and male.
The birds went along and were mated in pairs.
When the time was fulfilled, God commanded the waters.
The day had arrived, the flood waters receded.
Then Nuah liberated a dove from their refuge,
Sent a bird to go forth and bring again tidings.
The flood had gone down into lake and to ocean;
The mud was confined to the pools and the hollows.
There was land once again where a man might reside;
There was a place in the earth now to rear habitations.
Buffalo then were brought, an oblation to God,
Fatter cattle became sacrifice to the Mighty.
The Divine One then gave them His blessing;
Their God then bestowed His good graces.

Indeed, the study of archaeology continues to confirm the credibility of the Bible!
The Nations Descended From Ham, Shem, And Japheth

According to the Bible, all of the nations of the Earth are descended from Noah’s three sons Ham, Shem, and Japheth.”

We read in Genesis:

Genesis 9:18-19-18    Now the sons of Noah who went out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And Ham was the father of Canaan. 19    These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the whole earth was populated.
The Bible tells us in Genesis 10 which nations were formed from these three sons and their descendants (this passage is often known as the Table Of Nations).

Bill Cooper, studying the Table in detail for several years and comparing it with the ancient accounts of various nations, marveled at the perfect accuracy of this Table as verified by numerous historical and archaeological accounts.

“When I first came across this problem some fifty years ago, I found it most perplexing. On the one hand I had the Bible itself claiming to be the very Word of God, and on the other I was presented with numerous commentaries that spoke with one voice in telling me that the Bible was nothing of the kind. It was merely a hotch- potch collection of Middle- Eastern myths and fables that sought to explain the world in primitive terms, whose parts had been patched together by a series of later editors. Modem scientific man need have nothing whatever to do with it. Now, it simply was not possible for both these claims to be valid. Only one of them could be right, and I saw it as my duty, to myself at least, to find out which was the true account and which was the false…Either way, I would discover once and for all whether the Biblical record was worthy of my trust or not. It seemed a little irreverent to treat a book that claimed to be the very Word of God in such a fashion. But if truth has any substance at all, then that Book would surely be able to bear such a test. If Genesis contained any falsehood, error or misleading statement of fact, then a severe testing would reveal it and I would be the first to add my own voice to those of all the other scholars who declared the Book of Genesis to be little more than fable…What I had not expected at the time was the fact that the task was to engage my attention and energies for more than twenty- five years. Nor had I expected the astonishing degree to which Genesis, particularly the tenth and eleventh chapters, was to be vindicated. These chapters are conveniently known to scholars as the Table of Nations, and the sheer breadth and depth of the historical evidence that was available for their study astonished me…Today I can say that the names so far vindicated in the Table of Nations make up over 99% of the list, and I shall make no further comment on that other than to say that no other ancient historical document of purely human authorship could be expected to yield such a level of corroboration as that!” (Bill Cooper, After The Flood: The Early Post-Flood History Of Europe Traces Back To Noah, 80-109 (Kindle Edition

Ancient non-biblical Hebrew sources (such as the book of Jubilees ) provide much testimony regarding the details regarding where these three sons relocated and the nations which they spawned.

“The Book of Jubilees was well known in the first century AD. It was lost to most of the Christian world for centuries, preserved only in four Ge’ez texts dating to the 15th and 16th centuries. In 1948 with the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, fifteen Hebrew scroll fragments were found of the Book of Jubilees. The English text used here is from the public domain, R. H. Charles, 1917 Edition, which is based on the Ethipoic language of Ge’ez. The author of Jubilees gives a condensed version of Genesis, which is why it is sometimes called the Little Genesis . It calls itself the Book of Divisions . One point of the work is to give a timeline of the events recorded in Genesis and Exodus. It starts with God revealing history and prophecy to Moses on Mount Sinai and ranges from the Creation to the Flood, through the time of Abraham, and ends with the Exodus of the Children of Israel from Egypt.” (Translation by R.H. Charles, in Ken Johnson, Ancient Book Of Jubilees, 4-5 (Kindle Edition))

“And there came forth on the writing as Shem’s lot the middle of the earth, which he should take as an inheritance for himself and for his sons for the generations of eternity, from the middle of the mountain range of Rafa, from the mouth of the water from the river Tina. And his portion goeth towards the west through the midst of this river, and it extendeth till it reacheth the water of the abysses, out of which this river goeth forth and poureth its waters into the sea Meat, and this river floweth into the great sea…”And all that is towards the north is Japheth’s, and all that is towards the south belongeth to Shem. And it extendeth till it reacheth Karaso: this is in the bosom of the tongue which looketh towards the south. And his portion extendeth along the great sea, and it extendeth in a straight line till it reacheth the west of the tongue which looketh towards the south; for this sea is named the tongue of the Egyptian Sea…”And it turneth from here towards the south towards the mouth of the great sea on the shore of (its) waters, and it extendeth to the west to Afra and it extendeth till it reacheth the waters of the river Gihon, and to the south of the waters of Gihon, to the banks of the river. And it extendeth towards the east, till it reacheth the Garden of Eden, to the south thereof, (to the south) and from the east of the whole land of Eden and of the whole cast, it turneth to the east, and proceedeth till it reacheth the east of the mountain Rafa, and it descendeth to the bank of the mouth of the river Tina…”This portion came forth by lot for Shem and his sons, that they should possess it forever until his generations for evermore. And Noah rejoiced that this portion came forth for Shem and his sons, and he remembered all that he had spoken with his mouth in prophecy; for he had said: ‘Blessed be The Lord God of Shem, And may The Lord dwell in the dwelling of Shem.” (Book Of Jubilees 8:12-19

It is also worth noting that the study of the scientific discipline known as population statistics support the Bible timeline.

“Because Noah and his family were the only human survivors of the Flood approximately 4,500 years ago, all people today are descended from them. This is consistent with population statistics. Indeed, starting with Noah’s family and calculating the population growth using a generation span of 40 years and an average of 2.5 children per family, the present world population of more than six billion people would be obtained in those 4,500 years. Since the parameters used are conservative, this would allow for even more people to have lived and then died early in wars or of disease.” (Andrew Snelling, ‘The Geological Evidence For Creation’ in John Ashton & Michael Westacott, The Big Argument: Does God Exist? Twenty-Four Scholars Explore How Science, Archaeology And Philosophy Haven’t Disproved God, 2172-2179 (Kindle Edition); Green Forest, AR; Master Books)

In other words, the number of people in the world today is consistent with the idea of a world-wide Flood some four thousand years before the time of Christ and repopulating the Earth with eight people.

This is one of the strong evidences which supports the Bible teaching that the Earth and the universe is relatively young (thousands, not billions of years old).

“One of the strongest arguments for a young Earth comes from the field of human population statistics. According to historical records, the human population on Earth doubles approximately every 35 years. If you break down that figure, it represents an annual increase of 20,000 people per every million. Let’s suppose that humankind started with just two individuals (we will call them Adam and Eve for the sake of our argument). And suppose that they lived on the Earth one million years ago (some evolutionists suggest that man, in one form or another, has been on the Earth 2- 3 million years). Suppose, further, that an average generation was 42 years, and that each family had an average of 2.4 children. (They probably had many more than that, but we will use a conservative estimate that would allow for at least some population growth; if a family unit had only two children, there would be zero population growth, since each parent simply would replace himself or herself, providing no net increase.) Allowing for wars, famine, diseases, and other devastation, there would be approximately 1 x 10 5000 people on the Earth today! That number is a 1 followed by 5,000 zeroes. But the entire Universe (at an estimated size of 20 billion light- years in diameter) would hold only 1 x 10 100 people. Evolutionary time scales simply cannot account for the present, relatively small human population. However, using young- Earth figures (of eight people having survived the Noahic Flood), the current world population would be around 6- 8 billion people. The question is— which of the two figures is almost right on target, and which could not possibly be correct?” (Eric Lyons & Kyle Butt, The Dinosaur Delusion: Dismantling Evolution’s Most Cherished Icon, 1917-1927 (Kindle Edition); Montgomery, Alabama; Apologetics Press

The Origin Of Races

Since we have all descended from the same ancestors-Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and all from Adam and Eve-then why are there different races?

The Bible reminds us that (despite the ethnic differences between people) we all have the same “parents.”

Genesis 3:20-And Adam called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all living.

Acts 17:26-28-26    And He has made from one blood every nation of men to dwell on all the face of the earth, and has determined their preappointed times and the boundaries of their dwellings, 27    so that they should seek the Lord, in the hope that they might grope for Him and find Him, though He is not far from each one of us; 28    for in Him we live and move and have our being, as also some of your own poets have said, ‘For we are also His offspring.’

We learn from the Bible that the major nations and ethnic groups began at the event known as the Tower of Babel:

Genesis 11:8-9-8    So the LORD scattered them abroad from there over the face of all the earth, and they ceased building the city. 9    Therefore its name is called Babel, because there the LORD confused the language of all the earth; and from there the LORD scattered them abroad over the face of all the earth.

Archaeological and historical sources, along with the testimony of linguists and etymologists (those who study the origin and specifics of different languages) all support the Bible narrative.

“Archaeology may provide a good confirmation of this line of reasoning. The oldest recorded image of the Tower of Babel, found in the The Schøyen Collection, MS 2063 , is an inscribed stele with Nebuchadnezzar II and the image of a virtually complete tower. In this image, the tower is essentially complete, with only a small portion at the very top that is slightly indiscernible. But the tower is basically complete, though one should still be tentative rather than dogmatic. But in the grand scheme, it was complete enough to serve the function for which it was intended to keep people from scattering. Nebuchadnezzar II was the king of Babylon, the later empire that flourished when Israel and Judah were in captivity. This was the time of Daniel and Jeremiah, about 600 b.c. for a biblical reference. Nebuchadnezzar II wanted to tear down this rather old and dilapidated tower (even in his day) and rebuild it. Of course, Nebuchadnezzar II did not have this opportunity. A Greek historian named Herodotus commented on it in his day when he was in Babylon…Later, Alexander the Great had the tower torn down with the same idea to rebuild it, but his death at a young age prevented it from ever being rebuilt. And so it passed into pages of history.” (Bodie Hodge, Tower Of Babel: The Cultural History Of Our Ancestors, 1007-1033 (Kindle Edition); Green Forest, AR; Master Books)

Here are some ancient historical references to the Tower of Babel: ”

“The Sibyl says that when all men formerly spoke the same language, some among them undertook to erect a large and lofty tower in order to climb into heaven. But God, (or the gods), sending forth a whirlwind, frustrated their design and gave to each tribe a particular language of its own, which is the reason that the name of that city is called Babylon.” (Alexander Polyhistor, 105-35 BC, Hodges, Cory’s Ancient Fragments, 75)

“”But when the judgments of Almighty God were ripe for execution; when the tower rose to the skies upon Assyrian’s plain, and all mankind one language only knew, a dread commission from on high was given to the fell whirlwinds, which with dire alarms beat on the tower, and to its lowest base shook. “It convulsed, and now all intercourse, by some occult and overruling power, cased among men. By utterance they strove, perplexed and anxious, to disclose their mind, but their lip failed them, and in lieu of words produced a painful babbling sound. The place was thence called Babel by the apostate crew, named from the event. Then, severed, far away they sped, uncertain, into realms unknown. Thus kingdoms rose, and the glad world was filled.” (Sibyline Oracles, ancient Roman histories)

“The priests who escaped took with them the implements of the worship of the Enyalion Jove, and came to Senaar (Shinar), in Babylonia. But they were again driven from thence by the introduction of a diversity of tongues, upon which they founded colonies in various parts, each settling in such situations as chance, or the direction of God, led them to occupy.” (Cory’s Ancient Fragments, 74)

The study of languages also confirms the teaching of the Bible:

“We have examined all possible forms which language can assume, and we have now to ask, can we reconcile with these three distinct forms, the radical, the terminational, and the inflectional, the admission of one common origin of human speech? I answer decidedly, Yes.” (Max Miller, Lectures On The Science Of Language Delivered At The Royal Institution Of Great Britain, 4267; New York, NY; Charles Schribner)

Furthermore, ethnicity and skin color may be understood through genetic and environmental factors, in yet more corroboration of the Scriptures.

Genesis 11:8-9-8    So the LORD scattered them abroad from there over the face of all the earth, and they ceased building the city. 9    Therefore its name is called Babel, because there the LORD confused the language of all the earth; and from there the LORD scattered them abroad over the face of all the earth.

“Yes, Jesus loves us all, but believe it or not, all human beings are basically the same color. Every human being has the same basic pigment in the skin (there are other pigments that are inconsequential in regard to one’s skin color); it’s called melanin, and it’s basically a brown color (there are a couple of forms of this pigment). Melanin protects the skin against damage by ultraviolet light from the sun. If you have too little melanin and you live in a very sunny environment, you will more easily suffer from sunburn and skin cancer. If you have a great deal of melanin and you live in a country where there is little sunshine, it is much harder for your body to get adequate amounts of vitamin D. Your body needs sunshine for its production of vitamin D and melanin filters it out. If you don’t get enough vitamin D you could suffer a bone disorder such as rickets…We are not born with a genetically fixed amount of melanin, but rather with a genetically fixed potential to produce a certain amount. In each of us this amount increases in response to sunlight and some of us are more responsive to the sunlight than others…Surprisingly, we all start with about the same amounts of pigment cells. Stem cells at the inner layers of your skin and other cells called melanocytes have melanin granules. The stem cells go and sort of bite off packages of these granules and they use them to protect the nucleus of their cells. Once that cell moves to the surface as a skin cell, it can lose melanin, causing the skin to be lighter (usually such people are called “white”). If more melanin makes it to the surface skin cells, the skin is darker (usually such people are called “black”). You can also have a couple of different forms of melanin. If you’re a redhead, you’ve got a form of melanin missing — and if you’ve got one of those pigments missing, you are more susceptible to skin cancer (less protection for the nucleus of your skin cells), which is why you have to be very, very careful about getting sunburned. Other factors can reflect on your skin shade. If your blood vessels are close to your skin, you get a reddish tinge. As you can see, numerous factors all combine to determine our unique shade of skin.” (Ken Ham & Charles Ware, One Race One Blood: A BiblicalAnswer To Racism, 94-95 (Kindle Edition); Green Forest, AR; Master Books)

“We are born with a genetically fixed potential to produce a certain amount of melanin, and the amount increases up to that potential in response to sunlight— skin ‘tanning’….As these groups migrated away from Babel, they encountered new environments. Consider a group of people who moved to a region with little sunlight. Here, the dark- skinned folk would not be able to produce enough vitamin D, and thus would be less healthy and have fewer children. So, in time, the light- skinned members would predominate. If several different groups went to such an area, and if one group happened to be carrying few genes for lightness, this particular group could in time die out. Thus, natural selection acts on the characteristics already present , and does not create new ones…Conversely, fair- skinned people in sunny regions could suffer from skin ulcers, skin cancer and folate deficiency. Thus, in these regions dark- skinned people would come to predominate. So we see that the pressure of the environment can (a) affect the balance of genes within a group, and (b) even eliminate entire groups. This is why, to a large extent, the physical characteristics of people tend to match the environment where they live (e.g., Nordic people with pale skin, equatorial people with dark skin). But this is not always so.” (Don Baton, David Catchpoole, Jonathan Sarfati, Carol Wieland, The Creation Answers Book:More Than 60 Of The Most-Asked Questions About Creation, Evolution And The Book Of Genesis Answered! 3429-3532 (Kindle Edition); Eight Mile Plains, Australia; Creation Ministries International)

The Comparison Between The Great Flood And Salvation Through Baptism

One of the great lessons that we learn from Noah is the need for people to turn away from sin and to turn to God.

Noah is a great example of faith; and indeed, the Bible makes another great comparison between Noah and salvation today.

In I Peter, the Apostle Peter talks about the fact that the Noahs were saved “through” the waters of the Flood. Then, he makes the point that it is the same way that we are “saved” in baptism.

He writes:

I Peter 3:20-21-20    who formerly were disobedient, when once the Divine longsuffering waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water. 21    There is also an antitype which now saves us—baptism (not the removal of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God), through the resurrection of Jesus Christ,

The Bible here teaches that the Noahs were saved through the waters of the Flood.

How was this the case?

In only one way: they were in a sinful world and state; then through the water, they found themselves in a new cleansed state. Please notice that Peter specifically says that baptism is part of God’s plan of salvation.

In fact, in every passage where baptism and salvation are mentioned together, baptism ALWAYS precedes salvation (Mark 16:16; Acts 2:38; 22:16; Romans 6:3-4; Colossians 2:12; I Corinthians 12:13; Galatians 3:26-27; Ephesians 5:26, etc.).

We would be wise to learn these powerful lessons from Noah.

The grace of The Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all. Amen.

Questions

What are some historical events which both the Scriptures and the testimony of the Miatsou mention? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Eve was given her name because she was the _________________ of all ____________.

Two factors which influence skin color are ________________ and _________________________.

The pigment which affects skin color is ______________.

Who were some ancient historians who mention the Tower of Babel? ____________________________________________________________________

The study of ____________________ ____________________ helps confirm that the Earth isn’t millions of years old.

Which Apostle wrote that baptism saves? ____________________

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