By: Mark Tabata (Evangelist)
Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., is a very fascinating woman!
She is a corporate test astronaut, a rocket scientist, and a Hubble Space Telescope engineer. In March of 2014, after the possible discovery of gravity waves in the cosmic microwave background radiation, Leslie was invited by CNN to write an editorial on the question, “Does The Big Bang Breakthrough Offer Proof Of God?” Shortly thereafter, she was invited by Worthy Publishing to write a book on that topic. She accepted, and her book, God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, soon became a reality.
In this article, I would like to carefully consider her book, as it offers many unique contributions to the field of Christian Apologetics. So often I hear it proclaimed by angry atheists, “Real scientists don’t believe in God!” Sadly, many people believe this rhetoric: yet as I have learned through nearly three decades of research, real science lands one directly at the feet of the Creator: and many scientists recognize and affirm this!
The book itself is divided into the following chapters:
One-Family Star parties: A Plan And A Purpose
Two-is God Real? Evidence For His Existence
Three-Approach With Caution: Using The Scientific Method
Four-A Reasonable Faith: Using Logic And Sound Arguments
Five-The Bible: It’s Evidence, Interpretation And Message
Six-Genesis And Origins: A Spectrum Of Views
Seven-The Goldilocks Principle: Just-Right For Life
Eight- Environmental Stewardship: This Is My Father’s World
Nine-The Universe: Are We Alone?
Let’s topically consider several things from her book.
Science Points To God
The first thing which stands out from Leslie’s book is the fact that science unequivocally shows us that there is a Creator of the universe. For example:
“The more I learned by studying nature, the more I began standing in awe of nature’s Creator. The intricacies and synergies—or uncanny collaborations—of creation have continually inspired me to worship the One who put it all together.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 172 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books).
“In the marketplace of ultimate worldviews, I realized that the idea of a perfect God who created the universe and desired a freely chosen, loving relationship with us made the most sense. Sending his Son to restore our relationship with him made it possible for me to know him. That option rang true. Instead of simply accepting what others had taught me, a combination of my own life experiences coupled with a rational evaluation of the alternatives in light of the evidence resulted in my making a truth commitment of my own. The more I continued to study, the more I saw how scientific findings in biology, physics, and astronomy all support belief in God. Nature’s evidence is compelling.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 506-511 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books)
The Scientific Method
The author then describes the benefits of the scientific method (“observe, hypothesize, predict, test, check results, modify as required, repeat”) in determine truth. She demonstrates how this method (when combined with sound reasoning or logic) is especially useful in helping to determine truth:
“In other words, as we make observations of nature, if we perceive order and complexity that exceed the normal operation of the laws of nature as we know them, then we can hypothesize that there is something extraordinary or supernatural at work. So perhaps the scientific method can be used as a tool to organize our thought processes and help us pursue greater understanding in matters of spirit as we seek out truth in various disciplines. At the very least, the scientific method can be seen as a tool for discovering God’s creativity and wisdom in the wonders of nature.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 405 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books)
Christianity Is Not A Hinderance To Science
In further commenting on the number of scientists who were Bible-believing disciples of Christ (such as Roger Bacon, Francis Bacon, Galileo Galilei, Robert Hooke, Isaac Newton, Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, etc.) and their various contributions to science through the ages, Leslie documents the impact that Christianity has had on the various fields of scientific discovery over the years, as contrasted with other world views:
“Furthermore, Christian apologist Michael Covington makes these points about the harmony between faith and science: Modern science arose in Christianized Western Europe. Jews, Christians, and Muslims believe in a Creator who made an orderly, rational, understandable universe and gave us permission to investigate and utilize it, thereby legitimizing science and technology. Conversely, Animists believe that rocks, trees, etc. (things we think of as inanimate objects) have souls, and that we should not tamper with nature for fear of offending the spirits. Most Hindus and Buddhists generally believe that the physical world is an illusion or distraction that we should try to transcend or get free of. Atheists cannot even explain why it is possible for us to understand the universe. 9 As Francis Bacon and others have argued, humans are not very good at understanding God’s creation intuitively….The Judeo-Christian tradition promotes belief in a God who created an orderly, rational, knowable cosmos, and invites his creatures to investigate his creation. Using the scientific method reveals knowledge not only of nature, but also of the Creator. (Other passages of Scripture attest to this theme—Psalm 19: 1–2, 34: 8; 97: 6; Romans 1: 19–20; 1 Thessalonians 5: 21.)” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 423-437 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books)
The Hubble Telescope, Good Logic, And God
At this point, Leslie begins to describe the conclusions that she came to by her in-depth analysis of findings from the Hubble Space Telescope:
“Our recent discoveries with the Hubble Telescope and other astronomical observatories have unveiled a universe even more extravagantly beautiful, intricately collaborative, orderly, and awe inspiring than we ever imagined. This points us to an orderly and consistent Creator who cares extravagantly for his creation and who wants us to find him through his creation. The scientific method helps us do that. So do logic and reason.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 443-448 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books)
While explaining the necessity of sound logic in the process of cultivating true faith, our author points out:
“Regardless of whether someone is an analytical person like me, the distinction between whether something is “true” or “false” only has meaning if sound reason applies. Without logic there could be no such thing as true or false. The notion of logic includes right reason and valid inferences. Reason requires systematic consistency, including adherence to the laws of logic and correspondence with the relevant facts. Basic logic can be grasped by understanding its fundamental laws of Identity, Non-contradiction, Excluded Middle, and Rational Inference: The Law of Identity says that something is true if and only if it is true; The Law of Non-contradiction says that contradictory statements cannot simultaneously be true; The Law of the Excluded Middle says that one of two mutually contradictory statements has to be true; there is no third, or “undecided” option; and The Law of Rational Inference says that if A = B, and B = C, then A must = C. For example, if I say, “My foot is twelve inches long,” then that statement is true if and only if my foot measures one foot in length. And it can’t simultaneously be true that my foot is not twelve inches long (even though that might have been true when I was younger). Further, it must be true that my foot is either twelve inches long or it is not—there is no undecided middle option. And by rational inference, if the length of my foot is equal to the length of someone else’s foot that is twelve inches long, then my foot must also be twelve inches long. (I do, by the way, have unusually large feet for a woman.)” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 455-470 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books)
The Complexity Of The Universe At Its’ Beginning
Leslie points out that many Christians have a problem with the phrase of the Big Bang. Frankly, I am in that category. I have never liked the phrase “Big Bang,” because it seems to imply (at least to me) some kind of accidental explosion that somehow produced this finely tuned and orderly universe. Yet when has an explosion ever produced anything orderly? Explosions produce chaos, not cosmos. Well, the author points out that whatever phrase you use to describe the initial beginning of the universe, it was highly “fine-tuned” to make life here possible! She writes:
“Conversely, as mentioned in the discussion of the cosmological argument (see chapter 2), the logic of cause and effect infers that every effect has a cause, so everything that begins to exist must have a cause. Because the Big Bang “effect” marks the beginning of space, time, matter, and energy, there must have been something—or Someone—that caused it. Sir Arthur Eddington, who experimentally confirmed Einstein’s general theory of relativity, lamented this finding: “Philosophically, the notion of a beginning to the present order is repugnant to me and I should like to find a genuine loophole.” 4…Physicist Stephen Hawking claims, “Almost everyone now believes that the universe, and time itself, had a beginning at the Big Bang.” 6 Further, contrary to popular opinion, the Big Bang was not a chaotic explosion, but rather a very highly ordered event requiring vast amounts of information. Hawking wrote, “If the rate of expansion one second after the Big Bang had been smaller by even one part in a hundred thousand million million, the universe would have re-collapsed before it ever reached its present state.” 7 However, if the expansion rate were any faster, matter would have spread out too rapidly to allow galaxies, stars, planets, or anything else (like you or me!) to form. Another prominent astrophysicist, George Smoot, described the creation event as “finely orchestrated.” 8 Mathematical physicist Roger Penrose, an associate of Hawking, showed that the highly ordered initial state of the universe is something that could not have just randomly occurred even by the slimmest chance. 9…Princeton theoretical physicist Freeman Dyson echoes this impression: “In some sense, the universe knew we were coming.” In other words, many highly regarded scientists recognize that the Big Bang creation event was much too finely tuned and improbable to be some cosmic accident.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 516-534 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books)
Yet what is truly incredible is how our author goes into detail regarding the incredible teleological argument (the “design” argument). Basically, this argument points out that (since design implies designer), if there is evidence of design in the universe, then the universe must have a Designer (i.e., God).
Earth: The “Just-Right” Planet
In her field of studies, Leslie is able to provide some incredibly detailed information regarding the fine-tuning of the universe. Speaking of the incredible factors that make life on Earth possible (and the way that the discovery of these factors has influenced several contemporary scientists), she writes:
“As a physical scientist, the teleological fine-tuning argument especially intrigues me. It fascinates many others, too, as perhaps the most common argument for God’s existence in today’s technology-fixated society. Quoted in a Los Angeles Times newspaper article, modern-day science historian Frederic Burnham said that the idea that God created the universe is “a more respectable hypothesis today than at any time in (the) last hundred years.”…Scientists and observers alike are perpetually amazed by the intricacy and complexity of our cosmos and the life it supports. Yet all of its details fit together impeccably in a perfectly balanced, synergistic system. As we study the complexity of the cosmos—from the tiniest atom to the frontiers of the universe—we quickly realize that chance can’t explain its incredible order and elegance.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 856-866 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books)
Our scientist then explains some of the early works which she studied which helped her to realize how unique the Earth actually is:
“Despite speculations to the contrary, exploration of our local space neighborhood confirms that the other planets in our solar system are not even close to being capable of sustaining life forms of any complexity….In The Remarkable Spaceship Earth, author Ron Cottrell points out nine specific attributes of Earth that make it habitable. 3 This book was the first I ever read as a young person that pointed out the amazing fine-tuning of Earth’s capacity for life. A few years ago I had the privilege of meeting Cottrell and letting him know how his book inspired me. Another of my astronomer friends, Mark Ritter, 4 has helped me further flesh out Cottrell’s original list of Earth’s attributes and their complex, interdependent relationships with the various parts of our biosphere.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 882-888 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books)
The author then goes on to discuss some of the factors that make life here on Earth possible, while also demonstrating the uniqueness of our planet in the cosmos:
“1. Earth’s Distance from the Sun If Earth’s distance from the sun were just 5% smaller, the atmospheric greenhouse effect would raise surface temperatures to 900 ° F, similar to what can be seen on Venus. If the Earth-sun distance were just 1% greater, Earth would experience a continual Ice Age. Our sun itself is a very stable star, even among other G-class stars. Its energy and heat output only vary over time by +/-0.1%, rather than the inhospitable average variance of +/-4% for its fellow G-class family members. 2. Earth’s Size (Weight and Diameter) If Earth’s weight and diameter were greater, our planet’s core temperature would be hotter, which would increase surface temperatures. Earth’s gravity and atmospheric pressure would also be greater, with more of the lightweight dangerous gases (such as methane and ammonia) being retained. Depending on the amount of increase, life would be at the very least threatened, if not altogether impossible. If Earth’s weight and diameter were smaller, its gravity would be weaker, and our atmosphere (including our essential water vapor and much of our oxygen) would be too light to be retained. In addition, decreased surface temperatures would result in a wasteland similar to what can be seen on Mars. The deadly gases methane (CH4) and ammonia (NH3) have molecular weights of 16 and 17 grams per mole respectively and are fortunately too light to stay in our atmosphere for very long, while life-giving water vapor (H2O) at 18 grams per mole is just barely heavy enough! Interestingly, the weight of molecular oxygen, also vital for life, is 32 grams per mole. But oxygen is only that heavy because it predominantly exists in our atmosphere as a diatomic molecule (O2; two atoms stuck together). Otherwise its weight would only be 16 grams per mole, and, like methane, it would not be heavy enough to stay in our atmosphere for very long! 3. Earth’s Atmosphere Earth’s atmosphere viewed from space has been described as a “thin blue line” because it appears almost insignificant next to the earth. Yet our atmosphere insulates us from the extreme day-to-night temperature ranges in space. It also protects us from harmful solar and cosmic radiation. The ozone layer in our stratosphere further protects us by absorbing high-energy radiation from space. If there were less ozone in our stratosphere, biological life would be destroyed by the excess radiation. If there were more ozone in the stratosphere, biological life would not receive enough of the sun’s energy for photosynthesis and vitamin D synthesis. Our atmosphere’s composition is perfect, with 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, 1% argon, and other trace gases. Just a little more or less of either nitrogen or oxygen would ultimately result in death. The small amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is just enough to hold in some heat, but not enough to create a runaway greenhouse effect. The small percentage of water vapor in our atmosphere also helps hold in some heat. In addition, that just-right water vapor provides us with rain as a vital part of Earth’s water cycle. On average, lightning strikes somewhere on Earth once each second. More than that and we’d have too many grass and forest fires. Less than that and not enough nitrogen from the atmosphere would get converted into the nitrates essential for plant growth. 4. Earth’s Magnetic Field Our magnetic field protects us by repelling charged particles from the solar wind, which might otherwise tear Earth’s atmosphere away, molecule by molecule. The small amount of solar wind that creeps through the magnetic field at Earth’s north and south poles produce the aurorae, which serve as beautiful reminders of how the magnetic field protects us. Migratory animals such as honeybees, butterflies, homing pigeons, tuna, and dolphins all have magnetite in their brains. This substance acts like a compass needle, enabling these animals to sense the orientation of Earth’s magnetic field and make their seasonal migrations northward and southward within it. 5. Earth’s Twenty-Four-Hour Rotation Rate A slower daily rotation rate would cause longer days, during which plant life could burn up, and longer nights, during which plant life could freeze. A faster daily rotation rate would drastically alter Earth’s climates: the tropics would get warmer while the poles would get colder, reducing the livable areas and possibly bringing about another Ice Age. 6. Earth’s Axial Tilt The 23.5 ° tilt of Earth’s north-south polar axis as it revolves around the sun gives us seasons and actually doubles the available crop-growing land area. 7. Earth’s Only Natural Satellite (Our Moon) The moon not only helped ancient people keep track of time, but it also is largely responsible for our ocean tides. If the moon were bigger or much closer, it would cause tidal waves, submerging continents on a regular basis. If this natural satellite were smaller or much farther away, there would be no tides and shoreline waters would quickly stagnate. The moon is also just the right size to stabilize Earth’s rotation axis at a 23.5 ° tilt, as well as to maintain Earth’s rotation rate at twenty-four hours per day. If the earth had more (or less) than one moon, our tides, daily rotation rate, and tilt would all be affected. 8. Earth’s Crust Earth’s geological crust ranges from four miles thick in ocean basins to thirty miles thick under some mountain peaks. Yet if the earth’s crust were just ten to twenty feet thicker, the metallic elements within the crust would have combined with all the free oxygen in the atmosphere, making it unavailable to support life. Conversely, if the earth’s crust were any thinner, it would be more fragile, and there would be much more seismic and volcanic activity. 9. Earth’s Liquid Water Earth is the only known place in the universe to have liquid water and the water cycle necessary for life. Simply put, without water, there is no life. Instead, there are only wastelands. Water is a basic building block and perfect solvent for the other chemicals needed for life. Probably the most important compound on Earth, water’s relatively low boiling point allows it to be easily purified on an ongoing basis as part of Earth’s life-sustaining water cycle. Another important, though bizarre, property of water is that, unlike other substances, it becomes less dense when it freezes and floats on top of liquid water, acting as an insulating blanket. Without this strange characteristic, it would act like other liquids, becoming denser and sinking as it freezes, allowing more ice to form on top of the surface. In this scenario, rivers, lakes, and oceans would freeze essentially solid during the winter. In the summer, only the top of the ice would melt. Earth’s water would exist as masses of solid ice with seasonal surface slush, making biological life virtually impossible.”. (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 888-947 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books)
Even though this incredible list is powerful testimony to the fine-tuning of the universe for life to exist on Earth, Leslie then proceeds to go into greater detail about how this all points to the Hand of God:
“The rest of our solar system also bears the marks of design. Saturn and Jupiter, gas giants in the outer region of the solar system, are close enough to protect us from incoming Earth-bound comets and asteroids, but not so close as to disturb our perfect but fragile orbit around the sun….Change anything, and life disappears. Furthermore, the location of our solar system within the Milky Way Galaxy is ideal for life. We are far from the densely crowded, high-radiation, productive star-forming region closer to the center, in a safer open space between two spiral arms, yet not so far toward the outer edge of the galaxy to lack the heavy elements necessary for a terrestrial planet and life….Powerful evidence of this life-friendly design can be seen not just here in our solar system and galactic location, but throughout the entire universe.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 952-957 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books)
Take A Look At DNA
After providing a detailed list of some of the universal macro factors which point to God, Leslie then turns to some of the incredibly advanced evidences of design in the micro universe (such as in DNA):
“Another obvious place where amazing complexity is observed is in biology. Just a single living cell contains as much information as 100 million pages from an encyclopedia. Sir Fred Hoyle estimated the odds of getting just the basic enzymes together that are necessary for life (never mind the DNA, or an actual cell) to be 1 chance in 10 ^ 40,000th power! 5 Most statisticians would assert that probabilities of anything less than 1 chance in 10 ^ 50th power are statistically impossible. So the odds of getting just the basic enzymes together for life are unfathomably remote.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 966-970 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books).
What About U.F.O.’s And E.T.?
In responding to the claim that life could perhaps have evolved elsewhere in our universe, Leslie points out:
“Someone might object, “All of this just pertains to life as we know it! What if there is a different kind of life that can survive in other conditions?” Well, given the laws of physics that seem to operate consistently throughout the entire universe, our kind of carbon-based life is the only kind of life this universe could produce and support.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 975 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books).
Later in her book. Leslie describes in more detail the subject of extraterrestrial existence, pointing out many of the scientific facts which make such life untenable. It is at this point that she begins an investigation into the UFO phenomenon that is happening in our world. Of these, there are only three possibilities of what these are:
“So, what are the options for these inexplicable UFOs? Of the alternatives, three are most frequently proposed:
misidentified natural or physical phenomena actual extraterrestrials sending UFOs to Earth extradimensional beings (which are real but nonphysical entities that can transcend space and time).” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 1423 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books).
In examining the second possibility (i.e., that UFO’s are extraterrestrials from another planet), Leslie points out:
“So, could it be possible that intelligent extraterrestrial beings are sending UFOs to Earth? As discussed in chapter 7, the number of conditions necessary for life in any particular star-planet system, combined with the amount of time and complex processes involved in producing intelligent life, as well as the limited time frame that a planet remains habitable, make it extremely unlikely to find another planet in the universe capable of sustaining intelligent life. Especially during the same time frame that life exists on Earth. In fact, by some estimations, a person is more likely to win the California state lottery more than five thousand times in a row than we are apt to discover another life-friendly planet. In addition, there are several problems with the idea that UFOs might be coming from distant planets.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 1428-433 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books).
Our author then elaborates upon some of the scientific problems which make the extraterrestrial hypothesis implausible (including the distance problem, the time and weight problem, the numbers problem of wormholes, and space-travel problems).
So adding all of these things together, what are we to conclude about the few cases that cannot be explained by natural phenomenon in the field of ufology?
“The third and final option for the remaining inexplicable 5% of UFO sightings focuses on the possibility of extradimensional entities not bound by our physical dimensions of space and time….Everything real is not necessarily physical. UFO researcher Dr. Jacques Vallee agrees that “the UFO phenomenon” represents evidence for other dimensions beyond space and time. 4 General relativity and Big Bang cosmology both indicate that the cause of the universe is beyond physical space and time….Some common threads shared among UFO experiences seem to correlate more strongly with the higher levels of close encounters. First, eyewitnesses are often involved in occult practices, such as seeking supernatural knowledge, predicting the future with tarot cards, astrology, witchcraft, seances, channeling spirits, poltergeist, phenomena, levitation, serious or black magic; even things as seemingly innocuous as Ouija boards. Second, deception is typically involved about the nature of the UFO or alien, about communicating the motivation, intent, or ideas, and even deception or inaccuracies about science and technology. Third, malevolence or harm to the eyewitnesses is prevalent on various levels, such as mental, emotional, physical, and psychological, sometimes getting progressively worse as time passes. People are taken against their will, and crude examinations or operations are performed. Fourth, peak sightings are typically in the middle of the night, along remote lonely roads. Counter to what would be expected if these were actually physical objects, mainstream professional astronomers (who, at over a thousand hours per year, are observing more than most anyone else) are not the ones reporting UFO encounters. And fifth, UFO scientific knowledge roughly keeps pace with popular science fiction, slightly beyond what the average layperson would know, but slightly behind what cutting-edge research is discovering. These UFO entities don’t seem to be on top of the accurate and current state-of-the-art science and technology. For example, speeds of these craft have increased from quite slow in the days of blimps to closer to those of modern-day spacecraft. Also, in the earliest reports, aliens claimed to be from the moon, then from Venus, then from Mars, and now from other star systems-keeping pace with human discoveries that each of these former places were uninhabitable. If supposed aliens were technologically and scientifically advanced, we would expect them to be scientifically accurate…From this perspective, it seems implausible. These beings are not smarter than us, highly sophisticated, or benevolent, as one might expect from highly advanced civilizations to be. None of this fits well with teh type of scientific and technological sophistication necessary for intelligent extraterrestrials to be successfully sending physical spacecraft across the vast reaches of space. By analysis and the process of elimination, the third option for the remaining inexplicable 5% of UFO sightings fits the evidence better than any of the other options. Some people who think they have seen a UFO but who are not involved in the occult, may have seen an IFO (an identifiable flying object), or may not realize they’ve opened up to occult influences. The number and frequency of UFO sightings are higher in countries where occult involvement is higher. And UFO messengers are reported as encouraging belief in the practices of channeling, reincarnation, and mysticism. In evaluating the existence of UFO’s, we can eliminate the first categorical option of misidentified natural objects, because apart from mistakes in classification, inexplicable UFO’s violate the laws of physics. With respect to the second option, from a purely naturalistic viewpoint, the probabilities examined within the context of the Anthropic or Goldilocks Principle would tell us that it’s unlikely for life to even be here on Earth, let alone anywhere else in the universe. From a Christian perspective, there is nothing in Scripture that says God has not created life elsewhere in the universe. On the other hand, current scientific knowledge, as well as empirical evidence, weighs heavily against any extraterrestrial civilizations ever being able to reach us due to the problems of distance, velocity, time, weight, numbers, wormholes, and physiology…For now, the third categorical option seems to fit best with the evidence-extradimensional no physician realities bound neither by space and time, nor by physical laws, are most consistent with the common threads of UFO encounters and correlate with worldwide levels of occult involvement.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 1513-1575 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books).
In summation, please consider this final quotation from this fascinating volume:
“For me, science is a tool that can be used to explore the natural realm and illuminate the characteristics of the awesome God who formed atoms, time, energy, and space out of nothing. He’s the One who put it all together. The teleological argument can indeed bear witness to God’s existence and divine attributes, perhaps especially for the skeptical empiricist.” (Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., God Of The Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms The Creator, 1038-1042 (Kindle Edition); Brentwood, TN; Worthy Books)
Friends, there is a God! He has revealed Himself not only through nature, but through Scripture and through His Son, Jesus Christ. The Son of God came to this world to live a perfect life among us, so that He could go to the Cross and lay down His life as a perfect sacrifice for sinful mankind (Romans 5:8). He was buried, and He arose from the dead on the third day after His death (1 Corinthians 15:1-8). Why not today, as a believer in Jesus, repent of your sins, confess your faith in Him as the Son of God, and be baptized into Him to have your sins forgiven by the blood of Christ (John 8:24; Luke 13:3; Matthew 10:32-33; Mark 16:15-16)? God will add you to His church (Acts 2:47), and living faithfully to Jesus to the point of death (Revelation 2:10), you will be assured of a home in Heaven (John 14:1-3).
If you are a Christian who has left the Lord, won’t you please come back to Him today? Throughout repentance and prayer, Christians may be forgiven and restored back to fellowship with God and the church (1 John 1:8-2:2).
The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all. Amen.